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Sustainable Development UN Indicators 1990-2020

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The structure of the database, as well as well as the English names of the identicators, are taken from Statistics Finlands corresponding reporting Indicator 9.1.2.g was revised 2021, previously only foreign passengers were shown

indicator

1.1.1 --- Population below the international poverty line, %

Source: ÅSUB
The international (absolute) poverty line is defined as US $ 1.90 a day (approximately US $ 694 per year), at 2011 prices it corresponds to about EUR 1.37 per day (about EUR 499 per year). The definition is not that relevant for Åland or Finland, here no one should have such a low income.

2.4.1 --- Proportion of agricultural area under ecological agriculture, %

Source: ÅSUB, Finnish Food Authority
According to UN methodology the indicator is supposed to illustrate 'the proportion of productive and sustainable agriculture', however, at present there is no available data for this. For now, we report 'the proportion of ecological farming' instead.

3.1.1 --- Maternal mortality ratio

Source: ÅSUB, Ålands hälso- och sjukvård (ÅHS)

3.2.1 --- Under-five mortality rate

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
The under-five mortality rate as defined here is, strictly speaking, not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time), but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births. Methodology: Number of deaths at age 0-4 and population of the same age are used to calculate death rates which are then converted into age-specific probability of dying. Formula. q(x)=2*n*m(x)/2+n*m(x)*1000, where m(x) is death rate and n=5.

3.3.1 --- Number of new HIV infections per 1,000 population

Source: ÅSUB, Finnish institute for health and welfare
According to UN methodology the indicator is supposed to illustrate 'number of new HIV infections per 1,000 uninfected population', however, at present there are no available data for infected/uninfected population. For now, we report 'number of new HIV infections per 1,000 population' instead.

3.3.2 --- Tuberculosis incidence per 100,000 population

Source: ÅSUB, Finnish institute for health and welfare

3.4.1.a --- Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease; Total

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
The mortality rate due to certain diseases as defined here is, strictly speaking, not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time), but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as a rate. Methodology: Number of deaths at age 30-69 and population of the same age are used to calculate death rates which are then converted into age-specific probability of dying. Formula. q(x)=2*n*m(x)/2+n*m(x)*100, where m(x) is death rate and n=40.
Deceased due to malignant neoplasms (C00-C97), diabetes mellitus (E10-E14), diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99), chronic lower respiratory tract diseases (J40-J47) and other diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J06, J20-J39, J60-J99)

3.4.1.b --- Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease; Men

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
The mortality rate due to certain diseases as defined here is, strictly speaking, not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time), but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as a rate. Methodology: Number of deaths at age 30-69 and population of the same age are used to calculate death rates which are then converted into age-specific probability of dying. Formula. q(x)=2*n*m(x)/2+n*m(x), where m(x) is death rate and n=40.
Deceased due to malignant neoplasms (C00-C97), diabetes mellitus (E10-E14), diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99), chronic lower respiratory tract diseases (J40-J47) and other diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J06, J20-J39, J60-J99)

3.4.1.c --- Mortality rate attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease; Women

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
The mortality rate due to certain diseases as defined here is, strictly speaking, not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time), but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as a rate. Methodology: Number of deaths at age 30-69 and population of the same age are used to calculate death rates which are then converted into age-specific probability of dying. Formula. q(x)=2*n*m(x)/2+n*m(x), where m(x) is death rate and n=40.
Deceased due to malignant neoplasms (C00-C97), diabetes mellitus (E10-E14), diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99), chronic lower respiratory tract diseases (J40-J47) and other diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J06, J20-J39, J60-J99)

3.4.2.a --- Suicide mortality rate; Total

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
Data from statistics on causes of death (covers the Åland population)
Expressed as the number of suicides per 100,000 average population

3.4.2.b --- Suicide mortality rate; Men

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
Data from statistics on causes of death (covers the Åland population)
Expressed as the number of suicides per 100,000 average population

3.4.2.c --- Suicide mortality rate; Women

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
Data from statistics on causes of death (covers the Åland population)
Expressed as the number of suicides per 100,000 average population

3.6.1 --- Death rate due to road traffic injuries

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
Data from statistics on causes of death (covers the Åland population)

3.7.2.a --- Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 women; Aged 10-14 years

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland

3.7.2.b --- Adolescent birth rate per 1,000 women; Aged 15-19 years

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland

4.2.2 --- Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age)

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland, Åland municipalities
The indicator accounts for the share of 6 year olds who participate in organised learning programme.

4.a.1.a --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (a) electricity

Source: ÅSUB

4.a.1.b --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (b) the Internet for pedagogical purposes

Source: ÅSUB

4.a.1.c --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (c) computers for pedagogical purposes

Source: ÅSUB, Åland schools
Data on IT have been collected from elementary schools since the year 2000. Computers were available in education as early as the 1990s.

4.a.1.d --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (d) adapted infrastructure and materials for students with disabilities

Source: ÅSUB

4.a.1.e --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (e) basic drinking water

Source: ÅSUB

4.a.1.f --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (f) single-sex basic sanitation facilities

Source: ÅSUB

4.a.1.g --- Proportion of schools with access to, %; (g) basic handwashing facilities

Source: ÅSUB

4.c.1.bc --- Teachers who have received at least the minimum teacher training required at primary education/lower secondary education level, %

Källa: ÅSUB, Åland schools
Data is collected every three years, the data for primary education and lower secondary education are aggregated.

4.c.1.d --- Teachers who have received at least the minimum teacher training required at upper secondary education level, %

Källa: ÅSUB, Åland schools
Data is collected every three years

5.5.1.a --- Proportion of seats held by women in, %; (a) national parliament

Source: ÅSUB
Distribution of seats in the parliament of Åland (elected candidates) by gender

5.5.1.b --- Proportion of seats held by women in, %; (b) local government

Source: ÅSUB
Distribution of seats in the municipal council (elected candidates) by gender

5.5.2.a --- Proportion of women in managerial positions, %

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
According to Classification of Occupations (ISCO-2010), '1 Managers' (Level 1), data taken from employment statistics (population by main activity). For the years 2008-2009 the occupational classification ISCO-2001 is used, the data are not completely comparable.

5.5.2.b --- Proportion of women in senior and middle management positions (%)

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
According to Classification of Occupations (ISCO-2010), '11 Chief executives, senior officials and legislators', '12 Administrative and commercial managers' and '13 Production and specialised services managers'. Data taken from employment statistics (population by main activity). For the years 2008-2009 the occupational classification ISCO-2001 is used, the data are not completely comparable.

5.6.2 --- Countries which guarantee equal access to women and men (15+ years) to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education

Source: ÅSUB, The Government of Åland
The provincial act 1989:27 specifies exceptions in the application of Finnish gender equality act (FFS 609/1986) in Åland.

6.1.1 --- Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services, %

Source: ÅSUB
The entire population has access to water free from pollution. Nearly 99.5 percent of the permanent resident population has water connection according to the building register (from distributor or own well), the remaining 0.5 percent have either unknown connection or no water connection.

7.1.1 --- Proportion of population with access to electricity, %

Source: ÅSUB
The entire population has access to electricity. More than 99 per cent of the permanent resident population has an electrical connection according to the building register, the remaining 1.0 per cent have either unknown connection or no electrical connection.

8.1.1 --- Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita

Source: ÅSUB
Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at fixed 2010 prices, converted to US dollars at 2010 prices using the 2010 exchange rates, per resident population (average population)

8.2.1 --- Annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at fixed 2010 prices, converted to US dollars at 2010 prices using the 2010 exchange rates, per employed person (population by main activity)

8.5.2.a --- Unemployment rate; Total

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 15 to 74-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age

8.5.2.b --- Unemployment rate; Males

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 15 to 74-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.5.2.c --- Unemployment rate; Females

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 15 to 74-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.5.2.d --- Unemployment rate; 15-24 years

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 15 to 24-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age

8.5.2.e --- Unemployment rate; 25-34 years

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 25 to 34-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.5.2.f --- Unemployment rate; 35-44 years

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 35 to 44-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.5.2.g --- Unemployment rate; 45-54 years

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 45 to 54-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.5.2.h --- Unemployment rate; 55-64 years

Source: ÅSUB, The Åland Labour Market and Student Service Authority (AMS)
The relative unemployment rate, calculated as the ratio of 55 to 64-year-old unemployed persons to the active population (labour force) of the same age
Data for 1990-2000 from employment statistics (population by main activity), year 2001 and onwards from unemployment statistics

8.6.1 --- Proportion of youth (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training, %

Källa: ÅSUB, Statistikcentralen
The indicator 'share of young people not working, studying or performing compulsory military service' follows the definition of Statistics Finland. The indicator from both ÅSUB and Statistics Finland differ slightly from the nearly equivalent international measure NEET rate used by Eurostat. NEET is an abbreviation of the definition 'Not in Employment, Education or Training'. The figure that Eurostat publishes is based on a selection where young people who are performing military service are not included in the population. However, the number of people from Åland who are in military service or in civil service is so low that it does not affect the proportion to any great extent.
Data from employment statistics (population by main activity)

8.9.1.a --- Tourism direct GDP as a proportion of total GDP, %

Source: ÅSUB
The figure includes both land tourism and sea tourism

8.9.1.b --- Tourism direct GDP, growth rate %

Source: ÅSUB
The figure includes both land tourism and sea tourism

9.1.1 --- Proportion of the rural population who live within 2 km of an all-season road, %

Source: ÅSUB, The Government of Åland
The majority of the population live within two kilometers of an all-season road. An analysis against the public road network (country roads, rural roads and municipal roads) shows that about 70 people do not live within two km of the public road network.

9.1.2.f --- Air transport (domestic and international total), freight volume, tonnes

Source: ÅSUB, Finavia
The figure includes both freight and post

9.1.2.g --- Air transport (domestic and international), passengers

Source: ÅSUB, Finavia
The figure includes both travel to Finland and abroad

9.2.1.a --- Manufacturing value added as a proportion of GDP, %

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
According to the Standard Industrial Classification (TOL-2008), 'C Manufacturing' (Level 1), data obtained from the national accounts. The industry classification has been revised in 1995, 2002 and 2008, the figures are not completely comparable.

9.2.1.b --- Manufacturing value added per capita, USD

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
According to the Standard Industrial Classification (TOL-2008), 'C Manufacturing' (Level 1), data obtained from the national accounts. The industry classification has been revised in 1995, 2002 and 2008, the figures are not completely comparable.
Value added at fixed 2010 prices, converted to US dollars at 2010 prices using the 2010 exchange rates, per resident population (average population)

9.2.2 --- Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment, %

Source: ÅSUB, Statistics Finland
According to the Standard Industrial Classification (TOL-2008), 'C Manufacturing' (Level 1), data obtained from the national accounts. The industry classification has been revised in 1995, 2002 and 2008, the figures are not completely comparable.

9.4.1 --- CO2 emission per unit of value added, kilogram CO2/constant 2010 US dollars

Source: ÅSUB, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
Carbon dioxide emissions per real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at fixed 2010 prices, converted to US dollars at 2010 prices using the 2010 exchange rates

10.4.1 --- Labour share of GDP, comprising wages and social protection transfers, %

Source: ÅSUB
Data from the national accounts

12.6.1 --- Number of companies publishing sustainability reports

Source: ÅSUB, webpages of the enterprises
The enterprises that either publish a separate sustainability report or alternatively have an extensive section in the annual report

14.5.1 --- Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas, %

Source: ÅSUB, The Government of Åland
Åland's water area was significantly enlarged in 2003 due to relocation of the territorial water boundary, whereby the proportion of protected nature decreased

15.1.1 --- Forest area as a proportion of total land area, %

Source: ÅSUB, Natural resources institute Finland (LUKE)
Share of forestland (productive and poorly productive) in relation to total land area, percent

16.1.1 --- Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population

Source: ÅSUB, Statistikcentralen
Data from statistics on causes of death (covers the Åland population)

16.10.1 --- Verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates

Source: ÅSUB

17.19.2.b --- Countries that have achieved 100 per cent birth registration and 80 per cent death registration

Source: ÅSUB